1997: Rio+5 Conference, New York

The Rio+5 Conference was the first comprehensive status review of work to implement the UNCED's agreements. This Conference aimed to revive and strengthen commitment to sustainable development, ascertain failures and identify the reasons in each case, recognize achievements, set priorities and determine problems that had not been addressed sufficiently in Rio.

The Conference concluded that little progress had been made. For example, social injustice and poverty, as well as greenhouse gases, the release of toxic substances into the atmosphere and solid waste had continued to rise since 1992. The meeting adopted two programmes: the «Programme of Work of the Commission for 1998-2002» and the «Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21», an action plan for the following five years.