External costs and benefits of transport

Transport and mobility give rise to various costs and benefits. A number of these are noticed directly by transport users.

Distance-related heavy vehicle fee (HVF)

A distance-related heavy vehicle fee (HVF) has been levied in Switzerland since 1 January 2001. It replaces the previous flat-rate heavy vehicle fee.

Mobility and Transport Microcensus (MTMC)

How far do people in Switzerland travel every day? Why do they travel? And what modes of transport do they use? These are some of the questions answered by the Mobility and Transport Microcensus 2015.

Modal choice

In addition to the Mobility and Transport Microcensus (MTMC), the ARE conducts an additional stated preference (SP) survey to better understand mode and route choices. The data is required as a statistical basis for transport modelling.

Transport Outlook 2040

The Federal Office for Spatial Development ARE joined forces with other federal agencies – including the Federal Office of Transport FOT, the Federal Roads Office FEDRO, the Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE and the Federal Office for the Environment FOEN – to draw up scenarios for how passenger and freight transport will develop up to 2040. The scenarios serve as a basis for planning road and rail infrastructure programmes, as well as for transport and planning policy decisions. The findings are also incorporated into the Energy Outlook and calculations of noise and air emission levels.